The trusted source for exotic mammal products worldwide.
Manufacturer and distributor of species specific foods and supplies for exotic mammals.
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Bluebird Nest Boxes
3/4 inch wooden boards or PVC pipe with attachable wooden roofs are commonly used for bluebird boxes. Peterson boxes often use 2 x 4 inch boards
Do not use pressure treated wood because they include toxic compounds
Paper milk carton style or corrugated cardboard boxes are unacceptable
Woods such as redwood and cedar are long-lasting even when left natural
Eastern Bluebirds use 1-1/2 inch round holes, 1 3/8 x 2 1/4 inch vertical oval holes, or 1-1/8 inch horizontal slot entrances
Western and Mountain Bluebirds use 1-9/16 inch round openings
Where the ranges of the species overlap use 1-9/16 inch round openings
Oval holes should only be used in eastern bluebird boxes with moderate to small dimensioned boxes to reduce the possibility of starling use
Eastern Bluebirds: floors in wooden boxes should be approximately 4 x 4 inches or 5 x 5 inches (Peterson style boxes are somewhat smaller), floors of circular boxes (such as PVC pipe) should be approximately 4 inches in diameter
Western or Mountain Bluebird boxes should be at least 5 x 5 inches or 5-1/2 x 5-1/2 inches to accommodate larger clutch sizes
It is imperative that all bluebird nest boxes open readily from the top, side, or front to facilitate box monitoring and cleaning
If box sides or front pivot to allow access to the box, they should do so at as high a point as possible to ensure that you can observe tall nests without the door obstructing your view
A screw or angled nail in a pre-drilled hole should be provided to ensure that mammalian predators can not readily open the nest box
Natural wood is acceptable
If painted or stained, use light colors to minimize having the box overheat during warm weather in areas where overheating is likely
Drainage holes must be provided in the box bottom to allow any rain entering the box to drain from the box and to provide air circulation to keep nesting material dry
The box should be water-tight
The roof should provide sufficient overhang beyond box entrance or vent holes to minimize possibility of rain entering these openings
The roof should cover top edge of the box back unless other features eliminate any possibility of rain entering the joint between back and roof of box even if the wood warps
Vents providing cross ventilation should be present near the box peak. These openings should be protected from rain by having the box roof overhang a sufficient amount to minimize precipitation entering the box.
Dark colors should be avoided to minimize overheating
It should be possible to plug or cover vent holes during cold weather periods early in the nesting period
Long roof overhangs minimize the possibility of sun, rain, or snow entering the box
The box should be easy to mount on a predator-resistant post in areas with raccoons or cats
A 5 inch roof overhang above the entrance hole reduces the possibility of raccoon or cat predation
Wooden guards placed over the entry hole are not effective in eliminating raccoon predation
Boxes mounted on heavily greased pipes or on waxed metal electrical conduits will deter many climbing predators
Mounting boxes less than 5 feet from the ground increases the opportunities for climbing or jumping predators to raid the nest
Wooden posts, un-greased pipes, PVC pipes are readily climbed by nest predators such as raccoons
Boxes should be designed so that they may readily and securely be mounted on a support post such as water pipe or electrical conduit
Fence posts are acceptable mounts in areas where raccoons are rare
Having the back extend beyond the main box body below or above the box will allow you to attach the box with screws, nails, pipe clamps, wires, or u-bolts
Perches should never be used on any bluebird boxes because they are not needed by bluebirds and only facilitate harassment by non-native species such as House Sparrows
Interior walls should not be painted or stained
The front wall below the entrance hole should feature a rough surface to facilitate chicks climbing to the entry hole
Nest boxes with raised screen floors may reduce blowfly infestations but this has not been proven conclusively
Exotic Nutrition™ supports legitimate scientific research projects with financial donations to help advance the health and well-being of Sugar Gliders and other exotic mammals. A percentage of the profit from sales goes toward funding of these scientific projects. We hope you will join us in our quest to advance research in the exotic mammal health care fields.
The Exotic Nutrition Pet Company specializes in the manufacture and distribution of exotic mammal feeds, supplements, and accessories. Our facility is located in Southeastern Virginia.
We have always prided ourselves in meeting the needs of our exotic mammal friends when they are kept in captivity, and have always strived to bring the finest quality animal diets and accessories to conscience pet owners worldwide. Ensuring the health and well-being of your captive exotic is our main concern.
We are, and will continue to be, a company whose objective is to deliver the best possible products and services at an affordable price. Our company stands behind the products that we manufacture, and continuously monitors quality and freshness to offer you, and your pets, the highest quality foods, supplements, and accessories for exotics available.
Some of the Colleges and Institutions that use our products ....
Bucknell University /PA * University of Louisville Stony Brook University/NY * Peel Zoo / Australia * University of Maryland * UCLA /Lab Animal Research * Jungle Island / Miami Fl. * Kansas City Zoo / MO * National Aquarium Baltimore * United States Center for Disease Control * Heritage Park Zoo / AZ * University of Rhode Island * Missouri State University * PETA / Norfolk VA. * University of Louisiana * Broadbent Wildlife Sanctuary /Ky * University of Montreal * Big Cat Habitat & Santuary / FL * University of Kentucky * Port Defiance Zoo & Aquarium / WA * Big Bend Wildlife Sanctuary / AL * Americas Teaching Zoo / CA * Harvard University / Cambridge MA * University of British Columbia / Canada * Washington State University * University of Kansas Med Center Lab Animal * University of Pennsylvania * Heritage Park Zoological Association * Sunset Zoo / Manhattan KS. * Baton Rouge Zoo / LA * Humane Animal Welfare Society / WI * Guadeloupe Zoo / West Indies * Utica Zoo of Utica / NY * Liberty Science Center / Animal Husbandry * Roos-N-More Zoo / NV * Shedd Aquarium / Chicago * NC Aquarium / Roanoke Island * Blue Ridge Wildlife Center / VA * Seoul National University / Bio. Science * Thüringer Zoopark / Germany * Guadeloupe Zoo / France * Sea World / San Diego * Pittsburg State University * Native Animal Rescue / CA * Humane Society of Washington County / MD * Arizona State University Animal Care * Foothills Wildlife Research Facility / CO * Zoo Atlanta * UCLA * Indian Creek Zoo / MI * North East Ohio Medical University * University of Rochester * University of Arizona / Department of Entomology * Emerald Coast Wildlife Refuge / FL * Charlotte Nature Museum / NC * San Diego Zoo / Safari Park * Veterinary Care Specialists / MI * Highlands Nature Sanctuary / OH * Shearwaters Kauai Humane Society / HI * Virginia Aquarium Virginia Beach Va. * The Wildlife Conservation and Education Center NJ * El Paso Zoo / TX * Atlantic City Aquarium / NJ * LSU School of Veterinary Medicine * Animal Medical Center of Forney / TX * Squirrel Creek Wildlife Rescue / CO * American Museum of Natural History NY * University of California / Qureshely Research Lab * Sea World (Bird Dept.) San Diego, CA * Dakota Zoo / Bismark, ND * Calgary Wildlife Rehabilitation Society / Canada * Black Pine Animal Sanctuary / IN * Eastern Wyoming College * Alexandria Zoological Park / LA * Tanganika Wildlife Park / KS * Tupelo Buffalo Park & Zoo, MS * Edenton National Fish Hatchery * Penn State University /Biology Dept * University of Western Ontario * Pocono Snake & Animal Farm * Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center * Department of Biological Sciences Texas Tech University * Yosemite National Park * Pocono Snake & Animal Farm / PA * Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine /St.Kitts * Pittsburg State University(KS)/Biology Dept * University of Missouri / Veterinary * Texas Tech University * Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium * Purdue University / Biology Dept. * El Paso Zoo / El Paso TX * Hutchinson Zoo / KS * Northeastern University * Sandy Bottom Nature Park / Hampton Va. * University of Kansas /Lab Animal Resources *Virginia Zoo / Norfolk Va.
Bluebird Nest Boxes