The trusted source for exotic mammal products worldwide.
Manufacturer and distributor of species specific foods and supplies for exotic mammals.
Call Us 1-757-988-0301
8:30 am - 4:00 pm EST M-F
Select a Species
Basic Sugar Glider Information
SUGAR GLIDERS IN CAPTIVITY - By Ken Korecky
Sugar Gliders (Petauridae Breviceps) began to gain popularity in the United States as pets in 1994 when they were imported from Indonesia and New Guinea. The original animals offered for sale in this country were wild caught and far from being tame. They had a darker color than the domestically raised babies familiar to most of us. The sap of acacia trees that sugar gliders consume in the wild caused this darker color. Most sugar gliders offered for sale these days are domestically raised babies, gray in color and much tamer than their wild caught counter parts.
Sugar gliders are tree dwelling marsupials, this is the order of animals that carry their babies in pouches. They reproduce at about 7-9 months of age and mothers have from one to two babies at a time. Sugar gliders are very easily bred in captivity, the gestation period is 16 days at which time the baby glider (s) crawl to the mothers pouch and attach themselves to a nipple. This is where the baby (s) stay for the next 8 weeks until they are ready to be weaned. Most sugar glider breeders keep one male to every two females in a breeding cage. You should be able to see a bulge in the mothers pouch if she is carrying young. Be very gentle when you check your female gliders for babies so you do not dislodge them from the nipple. We have found the easiest way to determine the sex of a sugar glider is to look for a pouch opening on the gliders abdomen. If your glider is a female, she will have a ˝” opening (pouch) on her belly, if there is no opening, the glider is a male.
When breeding sugar gliders it is recommended to increase their protein intake. Most sugar glider diets have a recommended protein of 25% to 30%. However, it has been determined that a higher protein content is beneficial not only for breeders and babies, but for all age sugar gliders. The recommended amount of protein content in your sugar gliders diet should come close to 40%-45% especially if they are young or you are going to breed them. Sugar gliders feed on fruits, insects, eucalyptus sap, nectar and invertebrates in the wild. In captivity we recommend a high quality pelleted diet such as, Exotic Nutritions' Glider Complete or Premium Sugar Glider Diet (with fresh fruits and vegetables three times a week). If you feed foods other than a nutritionally complete pellet diet, then you should supplement with Gliderade nectar supplement, Glider Booster vitamin and mineral supplement and Glider-Cal calcium supplement. If your sugar gliders are fed a nutritionally complete pellet diet, supplements are optional because the pellet diet already contains the necessary nutrition, but if your sugar glider is fed a variety of foods along with the pellet diet, it is necessary to supplement.
First, if a sugar glider arrives to you in a box it may be ‘growling’ when you open the crate it comes in. This is a completely natural sound that all sugar gliders make when frightened, he will settle down and quiet down in a day or so. Be patient and your glider will respond. Provide a warm quiet place for your sugar glider to get used to his new surroundings. Offer some Gliderade and a few raisins or a piece of apple with honey on it the first night. If this is a baby glider, put a bowl of Baby Premium Sugar Glider Diet or Berries and Bugs diet in his cage. Provide a warm Glider Nest Pouch for your new sugar glider. They love hanging pouches and will immediately go in it and make a nest. The second day that the glider is home with you, take him out of the cage and start the bonding process. Sugar gliders are known to ‘bond’ with their owners, if you keep your glider with you, either in a shirt pocket or in a Glider Carry Pouch they will bond to you in a matter of a week or so. Adult gliders that need retraining can be put through the same ‘bonding’ process with excellent success. Check to make sure your glider is eating and drinking (fresh water daily). I prefer a small open water dish rather than a water bottle. Take notice that your glider is active, sugar gliders are known to become very lethargic when their sugar intake is below normal. This happens more often when a glider is exposed to stressful conditions. If your glider shows signs of lethargy try to get some Gliderade and/or honey into him. Consult the breeder if possible and keep it warm and quiet. Most gliders come out of this state in a matter of a day or so if they get some carbohydrates into their system. If you start your glider on the baby formula, introduce pelleted glider diet after a 4-week period and take a week or so to make the transition. Remember to keep a supply of sugar glider pellets available at all times for juvenile and adult gliders, and offer fresh fruits. Do not leave the fresh foods in the cage more than 12 hours or they will get rancid. Lastly, if you give your gliders treats, make sure they are low in fat, nuts are a sugar gliders favorite food but will put too much fat in his diet if given on a regular basis. Keep your gliders well fed with these recommended foods and they will live a long healthy life (up to 15 years).
Cages for sugar gliders come in a multitude of sizes. The recommended minimum size is 14” wide x 14” deep x 30” tall for a pair of sugar gliders. The bigger the better, just remember it may be more difficult removing your sugar glider from its cage if the cage is very large. All cages should have an open bottom and a layer of aspen bedding placed there. The cage must have a maximum wire spacing of ˝”. As mentioned before, a hanging nest pouch is a must, many glider owners attach a hanging pouch on one end of the cage and a hanging basket on the other end to give your gliders a choice of sleeping areas. A climbing branch for your glider is also a welcome item along with ceramic feed and water dishes. The cage should be cleaned a minimum of once weekly. Remember, if at all possible purchase your sugar glider from a reliable source. If you purchase from a pet shop, have the owner keep the glider in his store for a few days for observation before you bring him home. Do not accept a sugar glider straight from the shipping carton if possible. Let the glider settle in at the store and begin feeding and drinking, then bring him to his new home. Nutrition is of utmost importance in the health and well being of a sugar glider. Provide the correct foods and cage to your sugar gliders, and they will bring you years of pleasure.
Exotic Nutrition™ supports legitimate scientific research projects with financial donations to help advance the health and well-being of Sugar Gliders and other exotic mammals. A percentage of the profit from sales goes toward funding of these scientific projects. We hope you will join us in our quest to advance research in the exotic mammal health care fields.
The Exotic Nutrition Pet Company specializes in the manufacture and distribution of exotic mammal feeds, supplements, and accessories. Our facility is located in Southeastern Virginia.
We have always prided ourselves in meeting the needs of our exotic mammal friends when they are kept in captivity, and have always strived to bring the finest quality animal diets and accessories to conscience pet owners worldwide. Ensuring the health and well-being of your captive exotic is our main concern.
We are, and will continue to be, a company whose objective is to deliver the best possible products and services at an affordable price. Our company stands behind the products that we manufacture, and continuously monitors quality and freshness to offer you, and your pets, the highest quality foods, supplements, and accessories for exotics available.
Some of the Colleges and Institutions that use our products ....
Bucknell University /PA * University of Louisville Stony Brook University/NY * Peel Zoo / Australia * University of Maryland * UCLA /Lab Animal Research * Jungle Island / Miami Fl. * Kansas City Zoo / MO * National Aquarium Baltimore * United States Center for Disease Control * Heritage Park Zoo / AZ * University of Rhode Island * Missouri State University * PETA / Norfolk VA. * University of Louisiana * Broadbent Wildlife Sanctuary /Ky * University of Montreal * Big Cat Habitat & Santuary / FL * University of Kentucky * Port Defiance Zoo & Aquarium / WA * Big Bend Wildlife Sanctuary / AL * Americas Teaching Zoo / CA * Harvard University / Cambridge MA * University of British Columbia / Canada * Washington State University * University of Kansas Med Center Lab Animal * University of Pennsylvania * Heritage Park Zoological Association * Sunset Zoo / Manhattan KS. * Baton Rouge Zoo / LA * Humane Animal Welfare Society / WI * Guadeloupe Zoo / West Indies * Utica Zoo of Utica / NY * Liberty Science Center / Animal Husbandry * Roos-N-More Zoo / NV * Shedd Aquarium / Chicago * NC Aquarium / Roanoke Island * Blue Ridge Wildlife Center / VA * Seoul National University / Bio. Science * Thüringer Zoopark / Germany * Guadeloupe Zoo / France * Sea World / San Diego * Pittsburg State University * Native Animal Rescue / CA * Humane Society of Washington County / MD * Arizona State University Animal Care * Foothills Wildlife Research Facility / CO * Zoo Atlanta * UCLA * Indian Creek Zoo / MI * North East Ohio Medical University * University of Rochester * University of Arizona / Department of Entomology * Emerald Coast Wildlife Refuge / FL * Charlotte Nature Museum / NC * San Diego Zoo / Safari Park * Veterinary Care Specialists / MI * Highlands Nature Sanctuary / OH * Shearwaters Kauai Humane Society / HI * Virginia Aquarium Virginia Beach Va. * The Wildlife Conservation and Education Center NJ * El Paso Zoo / TX * Atlantic City Aquarium / NJ * LSU School of Veterinary Medicine * Animal Medical Center of Forney / TX * Squirrel Creek Wildlife Rescue / CO * American Museum of Natural History NY * University of California / Qureshely Research Lab * Sea World (Bird Dept.) San Diego, CA * Dakota Zoo / Bismark, ND * Calgary Wildlife Rehabilitation Society / Canada * Black Pine Animal Sanctuary / IN * Eastern Wyoming College * Alexandria Zoological Park / LA * Tanganika Wildlife Park / KS * Tupelo Buffalo Park & Zoo, MS * Edenton National Fish Hatchery * Penn State University /Biology Dept * University of Western Ontario * Pocono Snake & Animal Farm * Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center * Department of Biological Sciences Texas Tech University * Yosemite National Park * Pocono Snake & Animal Farm / PA * Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine /St.Kitts * Pittsburg State University(KS)/Biology Dept * University of Missouri / Veterinary * Texas Tech University * Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium * Purdue University / Biology Dept. * El Paso Zoo / El Paso TX * Hutchinson Zoo / KS * Northeastern University * Sandy Bottom Nature Park / Hampton Va. * University of Kansas /Lab Animal Resources *Virginia Zoo / Norfolk Va.
Basic Sugar Glider Information